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A Guide to Black Pepper: India’s Most Famous Spice

Alex Jone
Lenovo Many GEOs

Have you been taking for granted that black pepper in your spice rack, unaware of its story and numerous benefits? Well, that black pepper deserves more credit and appreciation than what you are giving it. After all, it is the ‘Black Gold’ and ‘The King of Spices’. This article will provide you with an insight into the history of black pepper, its production, the varieties of black pepper, and lastly its health benefits.

When it comes to the most common spice that flavors cuisines worldwide, black pepper is the champion and India ranks third in its production. These black pearls are produced in 53,000 tons in India with southern regions such as Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu at the forefront of its cultivation. In early historic times, because of the high value it possessed, black pepper was known as the Black Gold and soon enough, it was crowned with the title ‘The King of Spices’.and nowadays black pepper online sale.

History of Black Pepper

In medieval Europe, like most spices, it was a commodity of the upper class, sought-after for its impactful flavor on dishes and its medicinal values. The limited knowledge of geography at that time restricted the supply of this spice and it wasn’t until great voyagers like Christopher Columbus that new sea routes were discovered enabling to travel afar. These discoveries opened new doors and redefined the face of globalization, trade, and commerce.

The Pepper Plant

The black pepper plant belonging to the Piperaceae family is a climber that grows up to 10 meters in height with its root above the ground. Its components consist of broad green leaves that are arranged alternately and slender spiked flowers. The fruits, commonly known as peppercorns, are around 5mm in diameter. At the maturity stage, they turn yellowish red and bear a single seed. it derives its powerful flavor from the chemical called piperine. Some of the other outstanding characteristics include an aromatic fragrance and a hot, sharp, pungent taste.

The optimum season for the plant to thrive is monsoon, with fairly high temperatures and partial shade. They begin to bear within 2 to 5 years and continue to produce for a prolonged period of 40 years.

From The Fields to Your Kitchen

There are three types of peppercorns-black, white and green- they are harvested from the same plant variety with only a difference in the stage of ripeness and the way they are processed.

Firstly, the fruits are harvested when they start to turn red and the collected fruits are soaked in boiling water for approximately 10 minutes. The hot bath transforms them into dark brown or black color within an hour. Next, they are spread outside under the sun to completely dry for a series of days. This process produces black peppercorns.

Types of Black Pepper

Tellicherry Peppercorns

These are the largest peppercorn with 4.25 mm pinhead. They possess a distinct strong flavor and are aromatic. Tellicherry peppercorns can further be classified into ‘Tellicherry Extra Bold’ or ‘Tellicherry Special Bold’. If you are seeking premium peppercorns with bold flavors, this is for you!

Malabar Black Pepper

Named after the renowned Malabar Coast in Kerala, this is the next best option after the Tellicherry variety. It is of very fine quality but minus the premium price. Looking at the size, it is much smaller than Tellicherry and the color is light brown.

Lampong Pepper

This is an Indonesian variety of black pepper cultivated and harvested in the province of Sumatra. It offers a good bold flavor that’s spicy and extremely aromatic. These peppercorns are small in size but contain high levels of peperine content.

Benefits of Black Pepper

Health Benefits

It provides numerous health benefits because of a crucial bioactive compound, piperine. This compound is a type of antioxidant that aids in lowering the risks of chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular and neurological conditions.

Looking at digestion and intestinal health, black pepper stimulates hydrochloric acid present in your stomach resulting in enhanced digestion and absorption of the food consumed. Moreover, it can ease gas build-up in your intestines with its carminative properties.

It provides immune support by boosting white blood cells, our body’s warriors used to fight various infections. So, add black pepper to your diet more frequently and you are empowered to battle illnesses that come your way.

Culinary Benefits

Black pepper can be found in almost every household globally because of its bold flavors and aromatic scents. A sprinkle of black pepper is ample to take your vegetables, fish, meat, and pasta dishes to a new world filled with flavors. In simple words, it is an affordable and accessible flavor enhancer that is an absolute must in every spice rack.

Weight Loss

For all those people wanting to lose the extra weight you gained, black pepper is a metabolism booster. It has a rich content of phytonutrients that helps to destroy the excess fat. Sprinkle some black pepper in your drinks and consume regularly to experience weight loss.


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