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What is Enteral Nutrition and How It Works

Vaibhav Agrawal
League of Angels: Heaven's Fury [CPP Esprit] EN+Many GEOs

We all need food to survive. We usually take food whenever we need it through our mouths. But in some cases, an individual may not be able to intake food through their mouth because of an illness. Also, there can be many other reasons like decreased appetite, problems in swallowing, or surgery that restricts eating. In that case, when one is not able to intake food through traditional means, they need to receive food supply differently. One way of providing food in a way is enteral nutrition or tube feeding. Keep reading on to learn more about it. 

What is enteral feeding or nutrition?

Enteral feeding or nutrition works with GI or gastrointestinal tract to provide food to a patient. The GI tract is made of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines. When one needs enteral nutrition, they need to use enteral nutrition supplies in San Antonio or their area. Further, a doctor may suggest enteral nutrition to an individual dealing with an illness and not able to intake food through their mouth. 

In a normal digestion process, when you consume food, it starts breaking down in the stomach and small intestine and then gets grabbed by the bowels. After that, the absorbed food is supplied by the blood to all the body parts. After all, the doctor suggests using liquid food made with protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals in tube feeding. Then the liquid food is provided through enteral nutrition supplies in San Antonio to the patient. 

When is enteral nutrition used?

A doctor may suggest enteral feeding through enteral nutrition supplies in San Antonio when an individual is not able to take enough calories to fulfill their nutritional needs. It happens when you are unable to eat physically or can’t eat in the right way. You may also need to go with tube feeding when your daily food intake does not meet your caloric requirements.

Your health may be at risk when you can’t consume enough food. You may also experience several health issues like malnourishment, weight loss, and very serious health issues. There are be various reasons why you need to go with internal feeding: 

  • A stroke, and due to which, you may lose your swallow ability. 
  • Cancer that can cause fatigue, nausea, and vomiting restricting one to eat
  • Critical illness and injury
  • When young children and infants are unable to consume food
  • Neurological or movement disorders

What are the types of enteral nutrition?

The American College of Gastroenterology says about six different types of enteral feeding tubes. In this feeding, enteral nutrition supplies in San Antonio are used. After all, the feeding tubes may be further divided into subtypes based on their location in the stomach or intestines. 

The placement of the tube is decided by the doctor based on the required size of the tube. Nursing Supplies in San Antonio may also be used during the process. Moreover, the length of the enteral feeds is decided according to your digestive abilities. Your health professional will work with an enteral formula as per the tube placement and nutritional needs. Below are the primary types of enteral feeding tubes you will want to know. 

  • Nasogastric tube or NGT 
  • Orogastric tube or OGT
  • Gastrostomy tube
  • Jejunostomy tube

How is the tube placed?

When placing a nasogastric tube or orogastric tube, it may be performed through a painless and straightforward process. The doctor or your health professional decides the requirement of anesthesia. Also, several nursing supplies in San Antonio or the area may be used while installing the tube.

Further, a professional doctor first measures the length of the tube and collects all enteral nutrition supplies in San Antoniorequired for the process. After that, the doctor will lubricate the tip and then put the tube in your nose or mouth and try to send it to your stomach. After inserting the tube into our stomach, a nurse will secure it using soft tapes.  After the successful installation of the tube, a nurse will grab some gastric juice out of the tube using a syringe to ensure the pH value of the liquid and confirm that the tube has been correctly inserted in the stomach. That’s all.

Vaibhav Agrawal

I am working as a content writer and write about every niche.

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