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Musical Genres And Their Features

Aliana Sharma

The genres of music and their features

It is quite difficult nowadays to compile an ordered list of existing musical genres. There are too many of them, and two random (and seemingly unrelated) genres can create a third, completely new, which can then combine with another – and so on ad infinitum.

There is no particular age. People can enjoy music at any age. For note, using an online age calculator you can get the exact age details and for more things, you can use it for fun to predict if you were then what would be your age and all. 

  1. Hip-hop

Hip Hop evolved in a completely parallel fashion to rock and pop music. We can say with confidence that at the end of the last century he kept himself apart, and the music of that time called old school.

For hip-hop, elements such as rap and electronic music are special. The use of live instruments is minimal.

Nevertheless, modern rap musicians prefer to use electric guitars, bass, and live drums at their live concerts, which together with the beats give a very rich sound. Rapping became a new trend among youngsters. Explore and use different various rap names using a rap name generator.

The genre is popular, and therefore it is currently mixes with other genres:

  • Rapcore is a tandem of rock and hip-hop.
  • Alternative rap – hip hop plus any other genre (jazz rap, funk rap, etc.).
  • In addition, there are genres such as hardcore rap, gangsta rap, kids rap.
  1. Chamber music

Chamber music they perform in a small space and for a relatively small number of listeners. The simplest example of a chamber concert is a home concert.

Folk music is the most widespread genre of chamber music since most often such music performed with the family and mainly by the older generation. The lyrics of a song can change countless times, but the melody almost always remains the same.

  • Romance is a lyric song perform to the accompaniment of one instrument.
  • A ballad is a song that tells about a specific story or legend. Typically praises or describes a character.
  • Requiem – Catholic chant, performed for the repose.  
  • Vocalize is a song without words, used both as an element of a piece and as vocal training.
  • One person performs the Serenade song. Typically a woman.
  1. Vocal music
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Voice plays the main role in vocal music. If there are any instruments in the composition, they recede into the background. This also includes chamber music.

An oratorio is a large-scale secular or religious work performed by an orchestra or choir.

A-cappella – vocal performance without musical accompaniment. Some modern a-cappella bands imitate the sound of other instruments with their voices (Van Canto, Pentatonix).

Vocalize is a vocal performance in which singing is a collection of specific or random sounds, but not words. Most often used as a warm-up for the voice.

  1. Instrumental music

Instrumental music does not use vocals. Musical instruments perform absolutely all parts.

  • Symphony is an orchestral piece of music.
  • Sonata is a solo or duet instrumental performance in a chamber genre.
  • Songs for round dances – were performed during round dances and depended on the speed of the round dance and its occasion.
  • Lyric song (epic) – a song dedicated to the heavy burden of a person or a whole nation.
  1. Modern music

There are unimaginably many genres of modern music, but most often they are derived from one genre or arising from two.

  1. Rock music

Rock music has brought a lot more to the world than you might think. Thanks to rock, genres such as:

  • Pop-rock is light music designed for a wide range of listeners, slightly weighted pop music.
  • Folk-rock – modern sound and instruments combined with folk instruments and motives.
  • Hard rock is heavy music from which many other genres derive – metal, gothic rock, thrash rock, Viking rock, and even black and roll (a mixture of rock and roll and black metal). For example, Kvelertak.
  • Punk rock is simple music that more reflects the mood in society. Over time, punk rock has split into dozens of subgenres.
  1. Pop music

It developed in parallel with rock music, but later adopted several features: the use of electric guitars with overdrive and other effects, as well as the form of performance. However, contemporary pop music is mostly electronic.

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House is “squareness” characterizes the electronic music (4/4 time signature) and speed – 120-140 BPM. Most often heard in clubs. A related genre is Deep House, which is a slow-motion and more melodic version of its parent.

Trance is the opposite of the house, so to speak. If in-house fast motives and repetitive melodies prevail, then trance in most cases is more melodic and minor, but the speed of performance reaches 160 BPM.

Disco is dance-pop music for a wide range of people. It was wildly popular in the 70s and 80s. In the future, a genre such as New Disco appears, which has a modern sound but is based on the motives of the 70s and 80s.

  1. Secular and sacred music

In 99% of cases, sacred music you can hear in churches. Since the beginning of the Middle Ages, there has been no significant change and development in church music.

  • Liturgy – describes Sacred events and scriptures in the form of songs. Accompanied by a theatrical performance.
  • Antiphon is a style of choral performance in which two (or more) choirs sing alternately.
  • Mass is prayer-base church music.
  1. Secular music

It dates back to the Middle Ages when musicians were required to present the culture of the state to its guests. 

Itinerant musicians were also considered to be secular musicians due to the fact that they played music in various cities and countries while traveling.

  1. Specific genres

There are genres that defy description.

Firstly, if earlier music, style of performance, and sound could somehow be tied to a geographical location, then due to the development of the Internet, some modern music has a completely unique sound.

Second, new genres are emerging from the commercial development of the music industry. For example, the composer was commissioned to write music for a video game or film, and as a result, music for a media product becomes no less popular. This includes a variety of soundtracks and trailer music that can later be performed by symphony orchestras.


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