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How to use white balance mode on your DSLR

Zaman Lashari

Control the color of your photos with a custom white balance on Dslr. The light has a different color temperature and turns into an artificial light source throughout the day. White Balance understands DSLR camera in the white balance using the is important to remove the color cast and make a great color image.

Without a camera, changes in color temperature are usually not known. The human eye is much better at processing color, and our brains can tune in to realize which scene should be white. The camera, on the other hand, needs help!

Color Temperature

As mentioned above, the time of day and the light source create different color temperatures. Light is measured in Kelvin and neutral light is produced at 5000 K (Kelvin), like a bright, sunny day.

The following list is a guide to the color temperatures produced by various light sources.

  • 1000-2000K: Candle
  • 2500-3500K: Tungsten Light (Normal Incandescent)
  • 3000-4000K:Sunrise/Sunset (Clear Sky)
  • 4000-5000K: Fluorescent
  • 5000-5500K: Electronic Flash
  • 5000-6500K: daylight (clear sky and sky)
  • 6500-8000K: Cloudy Sky (Normal)
  • 9000-10000K: Overcast sky or shade

Why is color Temperature important?

One of the best examples of color balance and photo effects. can be seen in homes with older incandescent light bulbs.

These bulbs give a warm, yellow-orange glow and please the eye, but they don’t work well with color film.

If you look at old family snapshots from movie days. most people without flash have a yellow tint over the whole image. This is because most color films were balanced for daylight. so it was not possible to remove the yellow cast by adjusting the image without special filters or special printing.

Things have changed in the digital photography era. Most digital cameras, even phones, have an automatic color balance mode built-in. It adjusts and corrects the various color temperatures of the image, returning the overall tone to a neutral setting similar to what the human eye sees.

The camera compensates for color temperature by measuring the white part of the image (the neutral tone). For example, if a white object has a yellow tone of tungsten light, the camera adjusts the color temperature by adding more to the blue channel to make it a darker white.

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As with technology. cameras still have trouble adjusting the white balance properly. which is why understanding how to use the different white balance modes available on DSLRs is important.

White balance mode.

DSLR cameras include a variety of white balance modes, allowing you to adjust the color balance according to your needs. Each symbol is relatively standard and universal on all DSLRs (see your camera manual to familiarize yourself with the symbol).

Some of these modes are more advanced than others and may require additional study and practice. Another mode is preset of common lighting conditions that balance colors based on the average temperature shown in the chart above. The goal of each is to neutralize the color temperature with a ‘daylight’ balance.

Preset white balance mode.

  • Auto white balance (symbol – AWB)has greatly improved reliability and requires the color temperature to be set correctly except in the most complex lighting situations.
  • Daylight/Sunny (symbol – sun with rays) is used under ‘normal’ lighting conditions and is the same as used for most color films.
  • On overcast days, you can use Overcast (Symbol Cloud) to warm up the tint.
  • Shade (symbol – house with diagonal lines stretching out to the ground)is similar to the ‘blur’ preset and can be used for fine-tuning if you don’t get the color balance right.
  • Flash (sign the zigzag shape of the arrow facing down) is designed to add warmth to the color when using the flash.
  • Tungsten (symbol – a household light bulb with a light bulb)can be used indoors under incandescent light if the auto white balance has not completely eliminated the yellow or orange color.
  • Fluorescent (ray – a horizontal line similar to a fluorescent tube)is useful for businesses that use fluorescent lamps when automatic white balance does not completely eliminate the blue or green cast.

Advanced White Balance Mode

  • Custom White Balance (symbol – two triangles with a square in the middle) allows the user to set the white balance using a gray card. (middle point between gray and black, midpoint between black and white) and a white card. It is often used by professional photographers in a studio setting. When it is absolutely necessary to have the perfect color (more on that below).
  • With Kelvin (the symbol of the rectangle – K) you can set the color temperature to your liking to get very accurate results. This is useful when you know the color temperature of a light source and allow for fine-tuned gradual changes.
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How to set a custom white balance

Setting a custom white balance is super easy, and serious photographers should get into the habit. After a while, the process becomes second nature, and the control over color is worth the effort involved.

You’ll need a white or gray card that can be purchased at most camera stores. They are designed to be completely neutral, giving you the most accurate color balance readings. If you don’t have a white card, choose the brightest white paper and fine-tune it with the Kelvin setting.

To set a custom white balance:

  • Set the camera to AWB.
  • Place a white or gray card in front of your subject. The same light as the subject falls.
  • Switch to manual focus (exact focus is not required). Close the card so that it fills the entire image area. (nothing else will be read).
  • Taking pictures. The exposure is good and the card fills the entire image. If not correct, restart.
  • Go to Custom White Balance in the camera menu and select the correct business card image. The camera will ask it is the image. that should be used to set the custom white balance: select ‘Yes’ or ‘OK’.
  • Go back to the top of the camera and change the white balance mode to custom white balance.
  • Take another picture of the subject (turn autofocus back on!)  See the color change. If the selection is not the way you want, repeat all of these steps.

Final Tips for Using White Balance

As explained above, most of the time you can rely on AWB. This is true when using an external light source. (such as a flashgun) as neutral light usually kills the tint.

Some topics AWB from causing problems can you. there are photos with warm or cold tones.

The camera may erroneously interpret.

these subjects as displaying color on top of the image. And AWB will attempt to adjust accordingly.

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for subjects that are full of warmth (red or yellow tones). the camera may cast a blue tint over the image to balance this out. all of this has to leave the camera with a cast of fun colors!

Mixed lighting (i.e. a combination of artificial and natural light). Can also confuse the camera’s AWB.

it is recommended to manually set the white balance to match the ambient light.

Then everything lit by the ambient light will have a warm tone. Warm shades tend to be more attractive to the eye than cool. Sterile, cold shades.

Zaman Lashari

Mirpur Mathelo Sindh. After graduating from university, he worked as a stage actor, but while standing in front of the camera as a model, he became interested in the shooting side, and joined the publisher of the camera magazine that brought his work to study editing and photography. Currently, as a freelance photographer, he is active in various fields such as magazines, WEB, events and photography classes. Since he actively approaches the subject he is interested in, he has a wide range of shooting genres, from babies to fighters.

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